Make a Bill Law
If the president does not approve a bill and vetoes it, he sends it back to the house of origin without his consent with his objections (called a “veto message”). It should be noted that after the last adjournment of the 1st Session of the 94th Congress, the President returned two bills that gave Congress the opportunity to reconsider and “override” vetoes. Measures which do not need to be considered in Committee of the Whole shall be dealt with in plenary in accordance with the provisions of the Rule limiting debate on the measure or in accordance with the “time rule”. The time rule limits the amount of time a Member can spend debating an outstanding matter to 60 minutes. In general, the opportunity to debate may also be limited if the speaker rarely concludes that a motion is delayed. Once a law has been passed by a body, it technically becomes a law (not yet in force as law), but it is still commonly referred to as a bill. In modern times, “executive communication” has become a fertile source of legislative proposals. Communication usually takes the form of a message or letter from a member of the President`s Cabinet, the head of an independent agency, or the President himself, who forwards a bill to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Speaker of the Senate. The request to convene a conference may be made only by the body in possession of the official documents. Sometimes the Senate, expecting the House of Representatives not to approve its amendments, votes to insist on its amendments and requests a conference to pass the bill before the bill goes back to the House. This practice speeds up the process, as appointing Senate conferences before sending the bill back to the House of Representatives can save time.
The body requesting the conference normally acts last on the report to be submitted by the conference participants, and a request for re-engagement of the conference report is not available for the last acting body. The work of the Congress is initiated by the introduction of a proposal in one of four forms: the bill, the joint resolution, the concurrent resolution and the simple resolution. The most common form used in both Houses is the bill. During the 109th Congress (2005-2006), 10,558 bills and 143 joint resolutions were introduced in both chambers. Of the total number of bills introduced and 102 joint resolutions, come from the House of Representatives. Members often introduce bills with a similar purpose, in which case the committee reviewing them may add the best features of the others to one of the bills to report to the parent body, or draft an entirely new bill (known as the original bill) and report on it in place of the others. Once the bill is drafted, it must be tabled. If a representative is the sponsor, the bill is introduced in the House of Representatives. If a senator is the sponsor, the bill is introduced in the Senate. Once a bill has been introduced, it can be found on Congress.gov, the government`s official website that tracks federal legislation.
Bills and resolutions of the Senate, when addressed to the House of Representatives, may be transmitted by the President to the appropriate committee of the House of Representatives, as well as refer all bills and resolutions submitted to the House of Representatives. When referenced, they are treated in the same manner as in the Senate, that is, confirmed as reference, recorded in the newspaper, listed in the congressional records, and printed by the government printing press for distribution. House committees, like Senate committees, have regular schedules and meeting days (but may also meet at the invitation of their chair) to consider matters pending before them. Any of the different voting methods used by the Senate can be used for the final decision on an amendment, bill or matter. The methods are: vote, divide and yes and no. Votes for and against may be ordered if the motion is seconded by 1/5 of a presumed quorum, but often the Speaker does not bother to count; He only glances at the “pointing” of the hands and orders the call; At the same time, bells ring both in the Senate wing of the Capitol and in Senate office buildings. The names of senators are listed in alphabetical order. Votes and amendments shall be in order until the ruling has been announced by the President. In most cases, the outcome of the conference is a compromise resulting from the third type of recommendations available to conference participants because a House initially replaced its own bill to be considered a single amendment.
The full report may include one or more of these recommendations relating to individual amendments, where there are numbered amendments. In previous practice, in general appropriation acts with numbered Senate amendments, conference participants were often unable to agree on one or more amendments because of special rules that prevented conference participants from accepting Senate amendments that amended existing legislation or funds not authorized by law. and reported a statement, that they were unable to agree on these particular changes. These amendments have been dealt with separately.