Quantum Meruit in Legal Language
“Quantum Meruit.” Merriam-Webster.com Legal Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/legal/quantum%20meruit. Retrieved 14 January 2022. III. Quantum Meruit may also apply in the event of breach of contract. Since a quasi-contract is not a bona fide contract, mutual consent is not required and a court may impose an obligation regardless of the intention of the parties. Where a party brings an action for damages under a quasi-contract, the remedy generally consists of reimbursement or recovery under a quantum meruit theory. Liability is determined on a case-by-case basis. Quantum Meruit benefits the party providing the service for which it expects to be paid by allowing the party to compensate for losses where there was no binding contract or agreement. By allowing the monetary value of materials and labor, quantum meruit prevents the other party involved from receiving “unjust enrichment.” Similarly, the other party would receive “unjust enrichment” if it were granted a benefit by not paying for the service where fairness requires that payment be due.
Quantum Meruit is also used to handle situations where there is no contract or where a contract exists but is not enforceable. In such cases, it is implied that a contract exists to prevent an unfair result. These contracts are called quasi-contracts. Quantum Meruit is also entitled to award damages in an amount deemed reasonable and equitable as compensation to the party who provided services in a quasi-contractual situation. IV. If a contractor discovers that part of his work has been replaced by others through no fault of his own, he will claim damages equal to the amount received by the defendant. Third parties who do not take precautions to prevent them, such as new contractors who find the work more complex due to defects, may, as with all equity actions, such as a basic quantum meruit restitution, immediately bring an action against that contractor to avoid the doctrine of laches (equity) (who left things behind). : (kwahn-tuhm mare-ooh-it) n. Latin for “as much as he has earned”, the real value of the services provided. Quantum meruit determines the amount to be paid for the services if there is no contract or if there are doubts about the amount due for the work performed, but was performed in circumstances where payment could be expected. This may include emergency assistance from a doctor, legal work without a contract, or assessing the amount owed if outside forces cause an unexpected termination of employment. In such circumstances, if a person sues for payment for services, the judge or jury will calculate the amount due based on the time and the usual rate of pay or fees based on Quantum Meruit, which implies the existence of a contract.
Quantum meruit is the measure of damages when an express contract is modified or not performed by the implied consent of the parties. While there is often confusion between the concept of quantum meruit and that of “unjust enrichment” of one party at the expense of another, the two concepts are different. Quantum meruit is a Latin expression meaning “what you deserve”. In the context of contract law, this means something like “reasonable value of services.” Quantum meruit determines the amount of payment for services if there is no contract or if there is uncertainty as to the amount expected for the work performed, but in circumstances where payment would be due at the time of the services. This would include jobs where it was unlikely that a contract would exist, or assess the amount owing when unforeseen events would result in the completion of work before completion. [Latin, as much as what is earned.] In contract law, the doctrine according to which the law draws a promise to pay a reasonable amount for the work and materials performed, even in the absence of a specific legally enforceable agreement between the parties. The doctrine of quantum meruit is contained in court decisions and, to a lesser extent, in laws. This may be a confusing doctrine: many courts mix quantum meruit with similar principles of restitution and unjust enrichment. Restitution is a general term that describes the steps taken by a civil or criminal defendant to restore a victim to the status they enjoyed before the defendant caused loss or harm. Unjust enrichment is a fair approach to civil law relationships that encompasses more than just contractual situations.
A civil party may obtain relief under the doctrine of unjust enrichment by (1) proving that the plaintiff has granted an advantage to the defendant; 2. the defendant assessed or knew the benefit; and (3) that, in the circumstances, it was unreasonable for the defendant to accept or refuse performance without paying it. Most courts regard Quantum Meruit as a special form of legal restitution that follows the fundamental principle of restitution to prevent unjust enrichment. If you would like to learn more about Quantum Meruit or have legal questions about Quantum Meruit in relation to commercial or contract law, please post your legal needs on the UpCounsel marketplace. UpCounsel has the most knowledgeable and experienced lawyers ready to assist you with your legal needs. UpCounsel accepts only the top five percent of lawyers who come from law schools such as Harvard Law and Yale Law and have an average of 14 years of legal experience, including working with or on behalf of companies such as Menlo Ventures, Airbnb, and Google. The concept of quantum meruit applies in the following situations (but not limited to): The courts have developed four basic elements that the plaintiff must prove before it can recover under the quantum meruit doctrine: (1) that valuable services have been provided; 2. the services were provided to the defendant; 3. the services have been accepted, used and used by the defendant; and (4) the respondent knew that the plaintiff expected to be paid by the defendant to provide the services.
As the service industry grew, restoration claims under Quantum Meruit grew, and the doctrine was adopted by colonial courts. U.S. courts now apply Quantum Meruit`s principles in a variety of cases, including attorneys` fees, medical expenses, construction work, government contracts, and even “palimonia” lawsuits. Palimony is a form of financial support that is similar to alimony, but stems from an extramarital relationship. Quantum Meruit also describes a method used to determine the exact amount owed to a person. A court can measure this amount either by determining how much the defendant benefited from the settlement or by determining how much the plaintiff spent on materials and services. In the United States, the elements of quantum meruit are governed by state common law. For example, to bring an application for unjust enrichment in New York, a plaintiff must argue that (1) the defendant was enriched; (2) the enrichment was at the expense of the applicant; and (3) the circumstances were such that fairness and good conscience required redress from the defendants.  A party that provides a valuable service to another party usually enters into a contract or written agreement before providing the service, especially if the party provides the service. For example, most professional roofers who are responsible for repairing a roof insist on a formal agreement with the homeowner before starting repairs. In the absence of a formal agreement or contract, the roofer may not be able to compensate for losses in court if the transaction goes wrong.
Quantum Meruit is a legal doctrine that allows a party to recover losses in the absence of a binding agreement or contract. The doctrine of quantum meruit was developed in the seventeenth century by the Royal Court of Chancery in England. This court operated separately from the common law courts to grant remedies that were due under the general principles of equity, but could not be obtained under the strict precedents of the common law courts. The system of basing decisions on the fundamental principles of fairness has become known as justice. The Court of Chancery developed Quantum Meruit as well as other just doctrines that allowed a person to recover or recover other acts of value performed without a contract, such as the delivery of goods or money. Some of the earliest cases of quantum meruit concerned restoration by persons engaged in so-called general occupations, such as innkeepers, tailors, blacksmiths and tanners. V. An organizer enters into a long-term service contract with a theater to book and organize shows for no one else for a few months.